7 Signs of Type 2 Diabetes : The number of Americans with type 2 diabetes—21 million, including adults and children—has risen with the obesity epidemic.
Should you or you child get tested? Yes, if you have a family
history of the disease and/or any of the following:
1. You’re overweight.
Even being just 10 to 15 pounds overweight can increase your risk of
developing type 2 diabetes. If your child is overweight, make sure his
pediatrician tests him, because type 2 diabetes is on the rise in kids.
The encouraging news is that losing just 5% to 7% of your body weight
can reduce your risk of diabetes, according to research from the
Diabetes Prevention Program. Testing usually involves screening your
blood for high glucose (sugar) levels. If they’re too high, you could
have either type 1 or type 2. (See box, right, for explanations of the
two types.) Your doctor will most likely be able to sort it out based on
your age and symptoms. In some cases, you may also need to see an
2. You’re constantly running to the bathroom.
“If your body doesn’t make enough insulin [a hormone that carries
glucose into your cells to give them energy],” which can happen with
type 1 or type 2 diabetes, “glucose builds up in your bloodstream and
comes out in your urine,” explains Janet Silverstein, MD, chief of
pediatric endocrinology at the University of Florida. Because you’re
urinating a lot, you’ll probably also be very thirsty and drinking more
3. Your vision is blurry.
High blood sugar
levels cause glucose to build up in the lens of your eyes, making it
harder for you to focus. This could mean that you have type 1 or type 2
4. You’re losing weight for no apparent reason.
This is usually a sign of type 1 diabetes, but it sometimes happens
with type 2. When the body can’t make insulin, glucose (sugar) from food
can’t be used by the body’s cells for energy or stored, says Dr.
Silverstein. In addition, fat starts to break down, making you lose more
5. There’s a dark ring around your neck.
your body starts pumping out too much insulin—which is common with type
2—receptors in the skin folds respond by making extra pigment, says
Alyne Ricker, MD, pediatric endocrinologist at Joslin Diabetes Center in
6. You’re getting frequent yeast infections.
This can happen with type 1 or type 2, because a buildup of glucose can
cause an overgrowth of yeast. Symptoms often include vaginal itching and
thick discharge. Keep in mind that young children might instead get a
diaper rash, and boys might get urethritis, a yeast infection of the
7. You’re 45 or older.
Diabetes risk goes up
with age, so the American Diabetes Association recommends getting
screened at least every three years starting at age 45. Learn more at NDEP.nih.gov
An autoimmune condition in which the body doesn’t make insulin, a
hormone needed to move sugar from the bloodstream into cells for energy.
Usually diagnosed in kids.
Type 2: The most common
type in adults: You don’t make enough insulin or the body doesn’t
respond to it properly. Not an autoimmune condition, it’s strongly
linked to obesity because fat cells are more resistant to insulin.
That's all 7 Signs of Type 2 Diabetes! keep your health!